Geochronology is a perverse sort of game. Like the proverbial clock shop apprentice who went crazy trying to get all the grandfather clocks to tick together, the scientist trying to interpolate earth’s past climate patterns from geochronometers has so many uncooperative variables, he can never hope for anything better than partial conformity to accepted visions of Earth’s history. Gideon M. Henderson, writing in the Aug. 4 issue of Science,1 provided some insight into the messy process while advertising cave formations as his chronometer of choice. Other geochronologists have relied on ice cores, deep sea sediments, and orbital mechanics to draw their timelines and work their models. In promoting cave formations (speleothems), Henderson inadvertently deprecated the leading alternatives. Those who thought ice cores and sediment patterns produce accurate pictures of past geoclimatic events may be in for a surprise. He began:When you check the weather forecast on TV, you do not expect it to be completely accurate. But you do expect a degree of certainty about when the forecast is for: It would not be very useful to hear that it will probably be rainy, but with a thousand-year uncertainty about when. Yet this is the situation faced by those studying past climate. Records of climate from sediment or ice cores are not time series but depth series, and converting depth to age generally carries a substantial uncertainty.Later, he again criticized ice core dating methods, often considered the gold standard for ice-age dates, with a good-news bad-news jab:Drilling into high-latitude and high-altitude ice sheets has revolutionized our understanding of climate, particularly at time scales of millennia and shorter. Such records have taught us how abruptly climate can change; they have provided unique records of past atmospheric composition; and they will doubtless continue to enlighten us But ice cores do have limitations. They are found far from major human populations, they do not capture variability in major climate systems such as the monsoons or El Niño, and they are difficult to date accurately.Against this foil, of course, Henderson sold his speleothems as superior geochronometers because they can be radiometrically dated (but compare 01/19/2006 and 01/12/2005, and 10/06/2004 and 09/24/2004 entries). The prior week, however, Science had no less than four articles on geochronology, and none of them even mentioned cave formations. Didier Paillard, in his Perspective piece on ice age dating,2 lowered the confidence level even further by detailing the mismatches between commonly trusted geochronometers:The exposure of Earth’s surface to the Sun’s rays (or insolation) varies on time scales of thousands of years as a result of regular changes in Earth’s orbit around the Sun (eccentricity), in the tilt of Earth’s axis (obliquity), and in the direction of Earth’s axis of rotation (precession). According to the Milankovitch theory, these insolation changes drive the glacial cycles that have dominated Earth’s climate for the past 3 million years. For example, between 3 and 1 million years before present (late Pliocene to early Pleistocene, hereafter LP-EP), the glacial oscillations followed a 41,000-year cycle. These oscillations correspond to insolation changes driven by obliquity changes. But during this time, precession-driven changes in insolation on a 23,000-year cycle were much stronger than the obliquity-driven changes. Why is the glacial record for the LP-EP dominated by obliquity, rather than by the stronger precessional forcing? How should the Milankovitch theory be adapted to account for this “41,000-year paradox”?Paillard referred to the two possible solutions published in the same July 28 issue of Science, the details of which can be left to the interested reader. Neither, however, came out a clear-cut winner. The solution might be one, or the other, or a combination: but in accepting any of the alternatives, one must discard previously trusted basic principles:Two different solutions are presented in this issue. The first involves a rethinking of how the insolation forcing should be defined, whereas the second suggests that the Antarctic ice sheet may play an important role. The two papers question some basic principles that are often accepted without debate.Both models, Paillard continued, question one or another “pillar of ice age research” in the attempt to achieve congruity (cp. 02/02/2005 story). Each may be part of the solution, he hoped, but had to face the mismatches head on:Still, neither hypothesis can account for the beginning of Northern Hemisphere glaciations around 3 million years ago. Furthermore, during the past 1 million years, glacial-interglacial oscillations have largely been dominated by a 100,000-year periodicity, yet there is no notable associated 100,000-year insolation forcing. There is currently no consensus on what drives these late Pleistocene 100,000-year cycles.Scientists have debated these things since the days of von Humboldt and Lyell in the 19th century, Paillard reminded the reader. Milankovitch belonged to a group claiming insolation drove glacial cycles, while Tyndall and Arrhenius argued that atmospheric CO2 was responsible. Things have only gotten messier since then:The big challenge is to build an ice age theory that can account not only for ice sheet and atmospheric CO2 changes, but also for the start of glaciations about 3 million years ago and for the transition from 41,000-year cycles to much larger 100,000-year oscillations around 1 million years ago. The atmospheric CO2 concentration was probably very important over the past 1 million years, but was this also the case during the LP-EP? Alternatively, if one can build a purely insolation-based theory between 3 and 1 million years ago, as suggested by Huybers and Raymo et al., why is this not the case anymore in the past 1 million years?In an attempt to remain upbeat, Paillard mentioned a possible “conceptual model” that has the ocean alternately storing and burping atmospheric carbon dioxide depending on ice-sheet size and insolation. That, comparing favorably with “more sophisticated models,” provides “a framework for understanding the likely climatic future of our planet in the context of the climate of the past 3 million years,” he claimed. Yet it would seem that future extrapolations would be even more prone to error than past extrapolations. Paillard failed to mention a more serious issue. No human observer ever witnessed a full cycle of glacial oscillations or Milankovitch cycles. Written records only go back some 6,000 years. The large cycle values mentioned matter-of-factly are extrapolated backward into the past from current measurements by orders of magnitude, or interpolated from the acceptance of the standard evolutionary geologic column (05/13/2004) and estimates of the age of the solar system (06/05/2003). The degree of confidence one can have in those estimates is left as an exercise (see 03/05/2004, 10/09/2003).1Gideon M. Henderson, “Perspectives: Climate: Caving In to New Chronologies,” Science, 4 August 2006: Vol. 313. no. 5787, pp. 620-622, DOI: 10.1126/science.1128980.2Didier Paillard, “What Drives the Ice Age Cycle?” Science, 28 July 2006: Vol. 313. no. 5786, pp. 455-456, DOI: 10.1126/science.1131297.If you have been led to believe that ice-core dating, Milankovitch cycles and deep sea sediments provide reliable records of Earth’s prehistory, this entry should hit you with a proverbial two by four. The records don’t match up naturally. Scientists attempt to force a match with “sophisticated” and “conceptual” models that provide the best of bad solutions (see best-in-field fallacy). Taking the A.S.S. (age of the solar system) as an unalterable boundary condition (because a younger Earth would utterly preclude Darwinian evolution), they find themselves in a bind. Their faith forces them to believe there is a solution, but the data don’t fit. No problem; the goal of life now is to keep the detective game going, not to really know the truth about reality past. Each rigger has his role in the endless game. The Darwinist astronomy wizards prophesy the date when the earth cooled 4.5 billion years ago, the Darwinist origin-of-life wizards prophesy the date life appeared 3 billion years ago, the Darwinist geochemist wizards prophesy when life began to produce oxygen two billion years ago, and the Darwinist paleoanthropologist wizards prophesy when Homo habilis appeared and what kind of clothes he was wearing 3 million years ago. In between these posts of straw, they string their tabernacle to Charlie, hoping they can keep the whole structure from falling down with enough researchers pushing and pulling where needed. We just thought you should know how the process works. Because the Darwinists are master riggers, everything makes sense, the wizards and priests remain employed, textbooks have nice graphics, students memorize the currently accepted dates, Charlie gets the glory, and nobody asks questions.(Visited 9 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Doug Tenney, Leist MercantileEnding stocks were bigger than expected all across the board for both old and new.It’s been a crazy week for grain prices, unfortunately a down week. Producers have been active with field preparations and most of all, planting finally taking place. However, at least for Ohio, it has not been a full week of planting for everyone. Old crop corn ending stocks were 2.095 billion bushels, last month 2.035 billion bushels. Soybean ending stocks were 995 million bushels, last month 895 million bushels. Wheat ending stocks were 1.127 billion bushels, last month 1.087 billion bushels. Looking ahead to 2019 crops, corn ending stocks were 2.485 billion bushels, soybeans 970 million bushels, with wheat at 1.141 billion bushels. This report today was a supply and demand report which also includes the first report for 2019 crops. In a first ever, world grain tables without China are also detailed. This change was announced months ago. Prior to the report, corn was up 1 cent, soybeans down 2 cents, and wheat up 2 cents. Following the report corn was down 6 cents, soybeans down 5 cents, and wheat down 5 cents.Without doubt, the biggest news this week has been the President Trump tweet on Sunday announcing China was not standing by previously agreed to commitments produced with the month’s long trade talks. Grain prices for Sunday night had been called steady to slightly higher prior to this tweet. Instead, corn, soybeans, and wheat were all lower on the Monday close. Further details have followed this week which indicate that a diplomatic cable from Beijing arrived in Washington, D.C. late last Friday night. It included a multitude of edits to the nearly 150-page draft agreement. In addition, the document was riddled with reversals from China on previously agreed to wording in the seven chapters of the draft trade document. These changes prompted the action taken by President Trump.Mid-morning today, July CBOT corn was $3.53 ½, down from last Friday’s close of $3.70 ¾. July CBOT soybeans were $8.10 and compares to last Friday at $8.42 ¼. July CBOT wheat was $4.31, last Friday it closed at $4.38. The uncertain trade talks, as well as weather permitting more active fieldwork next week, along with disappointing U.S. grain export sales from Thursday, all contributed to the price declines on Thursday.On May 10 at 12:01 am the U.S. put a 25% tariff on $200 billion of China goods imported into the U.S. The previous tariff had been 10%. This follows what President Trump said he would do earlier in the week if there was not a U.S./China trade agreement taking place. He was concerned progress was taking place at too slow of a pace. The Chinese trade delegation did indeed come to the U.S. this week as scheduled for further trade talks with discussions taking place for a shorter period than earlier indicated. It is interesting to note that while the additional tariffs took place this morning, there was a dinner Thursday night between both sides. In addition, trade talks are continuing into today. It would seem encouraging that China did not just cancel their trip and say, “See you later.” Earlier rhetoric this week from China indicated that if the current trade talks failed, they would not be at the table until after the 2020 U.S. presidential election. China also mid-week asked for the U.S. to meet them halfway and denied backtracking from the previous draft agreements. The saga continues.The U.S. Midwest weather forecast has a slightly drier pattern for next week compared to just a few days ago. Good soaking rains are expected to return to the western Midwest near the end of next week. Unless there is a huge surprise in the corn planting progress this week, the Monday, May 13 crop progress report could show well less than 50% of the U.S. corn has been planted. U.S. corn planting progress as of the May 6 weekly report was 23% while the 5-year average was 46%. Soybeans planted were just 6% with the 5-year average at 14%.
You dropped your phone into a puddle. Doom is upon you, right? Perhaps not.Maybe you spilled some water on your phone, or, God forbid, it fell into an open toilet bowl. What to do now, throw it away? Shell out some dollars and buy a new one?A new product, the Bheestie Bag, may offer a better, more economical solution than tossing out a seemingly bricked phone.At around $20 a pop, the Bheestie Bag is much cheaper than buying a whole new phone, and it’s manufacturer claims it to be far more effective than home remedies (like putting your device in a bowl of rice). But does it really work? I was skeptical, so I decided to test it out on my old, discarded BlackBerry. Since I had just bought a new phone, my thinking was if it didn’t work, I wouldn’t really be out a phone. Basically, I had nothing to lose.Here’s how it works: You turn off the device, wipe off any visible moisture, place the phone in the small bag, zip tight, wait for 24 hours and… that’s it. Supposedly, desiccant in the form of water-absorbing beads physically bond with and remove the water in your device. Then your phone is good as new. I filmed a video to document my attempt: 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Let me warn you, that the directions to the Bheestie aren’t so 1-2-3. And I removed my phone’s battery before I soaked it in water. I didn’t have a chance to test it with a soaked battery, so the jury is still out there. Plus, it’s not foolproof. On the back of the Bheestie Bag, a disclaimer reads: “We can’t promise your electronic gear can be saved.”But it worked for me. So check it out, try it and let me know if it works for you. Photo courtesy of Shutterstock. adam popescu Tags:#mobile#phone#review A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Related Posts
The more desperate you are for a deal, the happier your ears become.If you really, really need a deal, a client that isn’t dissatisfied can sound like they are ready to move—and with urgency.If you need to win an opportunity to make your number, the unqualified prospect can seem uniquely qualified.The more you need the deal, the more receptive your prospective client contacts appear. They sound like they are supremely interested in you and your offering.Your ears get happy. They hear what you want to hear. Everything sounds positive, and your ears convince you that you are going to push this one over the line.Selling requires a sense of optimism, but optimism doesn’t mean that you believe that you don’t have a problem. Optimism means that you believe that you are going to find a way through your problems.Are you really hearing what you think you are hearing? Or do you really have happy ears?QuestionsHow does desperation affect what you believe you are hearing and seeing from your prospective client?Why do we sometimes believe that we see buying cycles that we aren’t really seeing?How do you keep yourself honest about where you are with your prospective clients and dream clients? Get the Free eBook! Learn how to sell without a sales manager. Download my free eBook! You need to make sales. You need help now. We’ve got you covered. This eBook will help you Seize Your Sales Destiny, with or without a manager. Download Now
The Income Tax Department has seized ₹15.5 crore in cash from Mumbai in the month since the election code of conduct was announced in Maharashtra. The seizures have been carried out on the basis of information provided by police and citizens under search and survey sections 132, 132A and 133A of the Income Tax Act, 1961, senior officials said.To ensure elections are free from influence of cash or valuables, the strength of Quick Response Teams (QRTs) has also been increased by the IT from the existing six , senior officials said. “Special attention is being given these last two days to movement of unaccounted cash, prohibition on distribution of cash, and valuables meant for wooing the electorate before the elections campaign ceases on October 19,” said a senior official of the IT. During the first 15 days of the code of conduct, the department had seized ₹4 crore unaccounted cash from Mumbai. This figure has gone up to ₹15.5 crore as on Thursday.In the run up to the Lok Sabha elections ₹ 28 crore unaccounted cash was seized from across the State, of which ₹16 crore was from Mumbai, Directorate General of Income Tax (Investigation) Nitin Gupta had said while unveiling a comprehensive plan to curb use of black money in the Assembly elections.As per the instruction of the Election Commission of India (ECI), Principal Director of Income Tax-1 (Investigation wing), Mumbai was designated as Nodal Officer for the tax department, Maharashtra on September 21. Since the announcement of the code, the department installed a BSNL line (1800221510) and WhatsApp numbers (9372727823/9372727824) for receiving information and intelligence on the movement of cash. “We have also done promotions on social media and radio channels while roping in Bollywood celebrities to create awareness about movement of illegal cash,” official said. As many as 40 QRTs have been deployed across Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur. Of these, six teams are operational in the city. Apart from this, Air Intelligence Units (AIUs) at all the functional airports/airstrips have been set up to monitor and check the flow of unaccounted cash and valuables, officials said.
CPP denies ‘Ka Diego’ arrest caused ‘mass panic’ among S. Tagalog NPA MOST READ “The Filipino people deserve it,” he said. “I’m guardedly optimistic and cautiously optimistic. We’re keeping our fingers crossed. We’re putting a very good bid so let’s see.” Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City Manny V. Pangilinan. INQUIRER.net file photoFor Samahang Basketbol ng Pilipinas (SBP) chairman emeritus Manny V. Pangilinan, he sees the country winning the hosting rights for the 2023 Fiba World Cup as his lasting legacy for Philippine basketball.“For the country, it will be a great Christmas gift and it will be great honor. If anything, if there’s any legacy I’d like to leave to the sport of basketball, it’s that after so many years, the Philippines will once again be the center of the world in the sport of basketball,” Pangilinan said.ADVERTISEMENT Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa View comments Read Next Japan ex-PM Nakasone who boosted ties with US dies at 101 LATEST STORIES Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Cayetano: 4 social media groups behind SEA Games ‘sabotage’ Castro leading the way for Gilas in World Cup qualifiers Stronger peso trims PH debt value to P7.9 trillion Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC After yielding the 2019 Fiba World Cup hosting rights to China, the Philippines’ hopes in hosting the global hoops extravaganza was fanned once again as it joined forces with Japan and Indonesia in submitting a joint hosting bid for the 2023 edition.The three-nation proposal made the final cut together with the joint bid of Argentina and Uruguay. The two candidates are set to present their proposals before the Fiba Central Board on December 9, where the decision will also be known.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutIf the Philippines’ joint bid do get the nod, venues like Smart Araneta Coliseum and Mall of Asia Arena are expected to stage games, while the cavernous Philippine Arena is also eyed to host the championship game.Pangilinan said he’s really praying to the heavens that Fiba finally gives the country the green light in hosting the Fiba World Cup, noting that if there’s a country in the world which loves the sport of basketball more than anyone, it’s definitely the Filipinos. QC cops nab robbery gang leader, cohort
Gladbach table cash bid for West Ham defender Reece Oxfordby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveBorussia Monchengladbach have tabled a cash bid to West Ham for Reece Oxford.The England U21 international spent last season on-loan at Gladbach, where he impressed, before choosing to stay with the Hammers this term.However, after a lack of playing chances under manager Manuel Pellegrini, Oxford is now prepared to leave this month.BILD says Gladbach are eager to re-sign Oxford and have tabled a €12m bid for the youngster.Gladbach chief Max Eberl wants to bring back Oxford primarily as a centre-half, where they’re short of options. TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
Junior midfielder David Planning (12) fights for position during a game against Penn State March 1 at Ohio Stadium. OSU lost, 11-8.Credit: Ryan Robey / For The LanternPlaying in the confines of Ohio Stadium, the No. 19 Ohio State men’s lacrosse team was unable to achieve the same outcome the football team did this fall — beat Penn State.Despite playing on the biggest stage campus has to offer, the Buckeyes (1-3, 0-0) couldn’t recover from a strong second half output by the No. 9 Nittany Lions (3-1, 0-0), allowing seven of the 11 Penn State goals after halftime to lose 11-8.The matchup started out as a defensive struggle, as both goalies stayed strong between the pipes throughout the first quarter.The Buckeyes had the lone score in the opening frame when junior midfielder David Planning fired a shot past the Nittany Lions’ senior goalkeeper Austin Kaut.The second quarter began with both teams trading goals as senior midfielder Tom LaCrosse got Penn State on the board, but OSU sophomore attackman Carter Brown answered with a goal of his own to regain the lead for the Buckeyes.The lead was short lived, however, as the Nittany Lions scored three goals before halftime to gain momentum heading into the break.Penn State rode that momentum into the third quarter and came out firing on all cylinders. Before five minutes passed, the Nittany Lions had tallied three more goals to take a commanding 7-2 lead and force the Buckeyes to call a timeout.“They came out and saw what we were doing,” OSU senior goalie Greg Dutton said after the loss. “We were a little bit slower and didn’t make the adjustments we needed to.”Buckeye junior midfielder Jesse King came out of that timeout ready to lead a comeback. He scored four goals over the final 20 minutes, but the Buckeyes only got as close as two the rest of the way.Nittany Lion senior attackman Shane Sturgis scored four goals of his own in the second half, helping to keep the Buckeyes at bay.OSU coach Nick Myers credited Penn State’s ability to switch defenses as a reason the Buckeyes’ offense became stagnant at times.“They played a variation of man and zone,” Myers said. “As they were getting into one defense or the other, it causes you to adjust. I think at times we did a nice job of it (adjusting) and at times we didn’t.”Faceoffs have been a recurring problem so far for OSU this season, and were again an issue for the Buckeyes Saturday as they won only six of 22 opportunities. With that many offensive opportunities, Dutton did his best to thwart the Nittany Lion attack by recording 12 saves.“I told him (Dutton) he had a courageous effort in there,” Myers said. “He stood tall.”Senior defenseman Joe Meurer said the Buckeyes did what they could to get things back even in the second half, but ultimately came up short.“We showed a lot of poise in the second half, but those lapses that we showed at the beginning of quarters can’t happen,” he said.The rough start to the season is not what OSU had in mind, but Myers said his team is capable of turning it around.“For this team, it’s not necessarily how we drew it up at this point,” Myers said. “This is a hungry group still and a team that has a lot of potential.”The Buckeyes are scheduled to travel to Hempstead, N.Y., Saturday to take on Hofstra at 1 p.m.
Bayern Munich boss Niko Kovac has issued Thomas Muller and Jerome Boateng a warning ahead of Saturday’s Bundesliga game at 1. FSV Mainz 05The 2014 World Cup winners were benched in Bayern’s last two matches, which has seen them end a four-game winless run with victories over VfL Wolfsburg and AEK Athens.Only Muller has featured in Bayern’s two fixtures, in a 15-minute cameo for Tuesday’s Champions League win in Greece, while Boateng is yet to make an appearance since October 2 in the club’s 1-1 draw with Ajax.And now, following their recent upturn in results, Kovac warned the experienced duo that they have a fight on their hands to insert themselves back into his starting line-up.“After the international break, we decided on a line-up that played the last two games. We did a good job and won both games,” said Kovac in a press conference on YouTube.“We are happy, even those that didn’t play. That’s just what’s happening at the moment. That doesn’t mean Thomas won’t play the next games.Merson believes Arsenal should sign Sancho Manuel R. Medina – September 14, 2019 Borussia Dortmund winger Jadon Sancho might be the perfect player to play for the Gunners, according to former England international Paul Merson.“We have to make decisions going into every game. He’s still nice and friendly and training well. It’s all good.”“In our first games [this season] I did switch around in central defence. Now, in the last two games, I just chose the same line-up and they did a very good job.“Jerome is training very well. I can’t announce now that I’m going to change everything tomorrow.“I’m going to look at training. If I have the feeling that someone is exhausted then I will react. If we have the feeling that everyone is super fit and healthy then we won’t change the line-up.”Bayern are fourth in the Bundesliga and will take on Mainz at the Opel Arena this weekend with kick-off to begin at 15:30 (CEST).
The Italian Lega Serie A club will play against Manchester United tomorrow night in the UEFA Champions LeagueOne day before Juventus plays against Manchester United in the UEFA Champions League, manager Massimiliano Allegri explains who is available and who isn’t.“[Mario] Mandzukic’s ankle is ok and he’s available,” he told the club’s official website.Lukaku backed to beat Ronaldo in Serie A scoring charts Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Former Inter Milan star Andy van der Meyde is confident Romelu Lukaku will outscore Cristiano Ronaldo in this season’s Serie A.“I didn’t name him as a sub at the weekend [against Cagliari] because he would have had to climb up the steps… He’s an extremely important player for us.”“The players who aren’t available are [Federico] Bernardeschi, Douglas Costa and [Moise] Kean, as well as Emre Can, who we hope to have back with us as soon as possible,” he explained.“We might go with [Juan] Cuadrado, [Paulo] Dybala and [Cristiano] Ronaldo tomorrow, but I still have to make a decision on that. I also have to think about whether to rest any players like [Blaise] Matuidi, since [Sami] Khedira is in good shape and [Rodrigo] Bentancur is young and recovers quickly.”